Influenza season to vaccination can reduce acute respiratory disease

Respiratory disease old disease number: The flu season is coming, doing this can reduce acute attacks

A burst of autumn rain, the south gradually entered the late autumn, and the flu also occurred in the autumn and winter. Due to cold air, viral bacterial infection and other factors, autumn and winter are the high season of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. Many patients are hospitalized for acute attacks in autumn and winter. Respiratory experts remind the public that patients with chronic respiratory diseases should be able to get flu and pneumococcal vaccines to reduce the probability of acute attacks to protect lung function.

Acute lung attack

Patients with chronic respiratory diseases are most afraid of acute attacks, and mild lung function is irreversibly damaged, and severe causes death.

Recently, the “Influenza and Pneumonia Prevention and Control Strategy Seminar under the New Situation” sponsored by the Guangdong Preventive Medicine Association, Chen Ruchong, chief physician of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, pointed out that in autumn and winter, when the temperature is low, people are easy. After being infected with the virus, the patient has a fever and cough. After the virus is infected, the immunity is reduced, and the bacteria take advantage of it.

Therefore, in the autumn and winter respiratory department often filled with patients with acute respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with significantly lower lung function, suffering from a flu, even the common cold may make the disease worse, causing cough, cough, breathing difficulties Lung function can also cause irreversible damage.

It should be pointed out that when the season is changed, asthma patients and patients with bronchiectasis are also quite embarrassing. Because a little carelessness can cause an acute attack of the disease due to infection, resulting in wheezing, difficulty breathing, and the like.

Vaccination against pneumonia every two weeks

How can I avoid the acute onset of chronic respiratory diseases? Chief physician Chen Ruchong suggested that the best vaccination. Because the influenza virus is highly contagious and spreads rapidly, it is mainly transmitted by droplets in the air, contact between people or contact with contaminated objects.

Vaccination is one of the most effective measures. The annual autumn and winter season is the high incidence of seasonal flu. Chief physician Chen Ruchong said that every time in the clinic, it is recommended that elderly people over the age of 60 and patients with chronic respiratory diseases can go to the community service center to get flu and pneumonia vaccine.

Influenza vaccination can reduce the infection of influenza virus, and statistics show that about 50% of deaths in the influenza season are due to pneumonia, most of which are pneumococcal infections caused by pneumococcal infection. Therefore, experts actively recommend vaccination, which is expected to reduce the incidence and mortality of pneumococcal infection, if combined with the flu vaccine, can increase the immune effect.

It is understood that there are currently two pneumococcal vaccines on the market: polysaccharide vaccines and conjugate vaccines. Internationally, most countries incorporate a continuous immunization pneumococcal conjugate vaccine into national immunization programmes to inoculate children, young and old, and the elderly.

Professor Zeng Guang, chief expert of epidemiology at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, also said that before the onset of the flu season, flu vaccine can be given and pneumonia vaccine can be given at intervals of two weeks.

Inclusion of a class of vaccine

Speaking of pneumonia vaccine, many people know very little. Even in Shenzhen and Shanghai, the government has implemented some projects to vaccinate 23-valent pneumonia free of charge, but many people still have not registered for vaccination.

Professor Zeng Guang expressed great regret for this phenomenon. Globally, the coverage of pneumococcal vaccine is only 42%, and it is estimated that China’s developed cities will not exceed 30%, while some cities may be below 5%.

Expert analysis, first of all, the public is not aware of pneumococcal vaccine, because pneumococcal disease is a disease of a large class of diseases – pneumococcal diseases, such as pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis, myelitis, can cause death in severe cases, and Leaving serious sequelae such as deafness, paralysis, and mental retardation.

However, many hospitals do not count the data that cause death and disability due to these diseases. Therefore, people do not realize the harmfulness of pneumococcal disease, and naturally they do not pay attention to vaccination.

Secondly, pneumonia is not included in the report of legal diseases in China. Pneumococcal vaccine is only a second-class vaccine, which needs to be injected at its own expense. The price of pneumonia vaccine is not cheap. The latest 13-valent pneumonia vaccine (four needles) requires nearly 3,000 yuan, and many people feel that they can’t afford it.

In fact, pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have been approved for marketing in more than 160 countries around the world, of which more than 125 countries have incorporated them into their national immunization programmes, and 112 countries have approved pneumococcal conjugate vaccines to be vaccinated throughout the population.

Here, Professor Zeng Guang called on the government to include the pneumococcal vaccine in a class of vaccines (free vaccination). With the promotion and promotion of pneumococcal vaccination rates, this will greatly reduce the mortality rate of children aged 5 years and above. The probability of infectious diseases in the elderly.